The oldest recorded names used for the Ukrainians are Rusyny, Rusychi, and Rusy (from Rus'), which were transcribed in Latin as Russi, Rutheni, and Ruteni (Ruthenians). In the 10th to 12th centuries those names applied only to the Slavic inhabitants of what is today the national and ethnic territory of Ukraine. Later a similar designation was adopted by the proto-Russian Slavic inhabitants of the northeastern principalities of Kyivan Rus'—Russkie (of Rus'), an adjectival form indicating that they were initially subjects of ('belonged to') Rus'.
The modern name Ukraintsi (Ukrainians) is derived from Ukraina (Ukraine), a name first documented in the Kyiv Chronicle under the year 1187. The terms Ukrainiany (in the chronicle under the year 1268), Ukrainnyky, and even narod ukrainskyi (the Ukrainian people) were used sporadically before Ukraintsi attained currency under the influence of the writings of Ukrainian activists in Russian-ruled Ukraine in the 19th century.
Background ancient influences: Tripilians, Cimmerians, Celts, Scythians, Sarmatians, Greeks, Goths, Antes, Vikings and others.
Ukrainian music - Cossacks prayer,
ukr.: Старовинний козацький плач-молитва,
"Боже, Боже, зглянься на нас"